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|Exploring Avaition Sector in India - A Deep Probe||By Sujayendra Das.|
India is on the verge of growth trajectory. As throughout the globe there has been sharp surge in growth in all fields so also the Indian aviation industry in both its domestic and international arenas concerned. Now my focus is purely on the growth of Indian aviation industry in its domestic arena. Indian aviation industry has its checkered history since the year 1932 when India was under the thralldom of colonial aggression. A pioneer in India’s industrialization J.R.D. Tata for the first time flew a passenger aircraft from undivided India’s one time port city named Karachi to another port city named Bombay. Off course now it is known to all of us ( but for the benefit of all younger generation who are not well aware of that historical moment) Karachi now falls under India’s close neighbor Pakistan and Bombay now renamed as Mumbai the commercial capital of India. From the historical point of view this marked the turning point in India’s aviation industry which is now booming with the passing of each and every moment of our life span.
About Indian aviation industry:
We are now in the age of economic and technological advancement. In every sphere we evince technological and economic advancement. Same impact is deeply felt in aviation industry. As the business and industry is expanding all around the country so also the role of aviation industry. Say, for example a practical hypothesize, will make the readers mind translucent in this regard. Traveling by railways from one metro city to another metro city will kill productive man days for Indian business around a week, whereas traveling by airlines will save man days and thereby ensure productivity by three to four times. To be more analytical let me throw before my readers some examples which will enable them to gel the benefit of air traveling.
Air traveling charge from one metro city to another metro city is estimated to be around Rs 5,000/- depending upon the frequency of booking or sometimes it shots up to Rs 20,000/- then estimated business to be generated will likely to be around Rs 2,00,000/-. This is just a basic hypothesize but the crux of the point amply indicates that traveling by air saves company executives instead generated quite a huge revenues for company’s growth and prosperity in the days to come.After the achievement of independence in the year 1947 on August 15, it was in the year 1953 when the government of independent India formed Indian Airlines Corporation as the first and foremost domestic players and to some extent in the international arenas too. In the year 1993, the name was transformed to Indian Airlines Limited. During the operation of Indian Airlines there is another Airline company from India by the name of Air India played an exemplary role in transporting passengers from India to different international destinations in Asian, European and American continents concerned. AI finally merged with IA on February 27, 2011.
Advantages of aviation industry in India:
Nowadays to operate airlines in different zones new types of electronic gadgetry in India for proper movement of aircrafts movement in different parts of the country.
Pilots and copilots of each aircraft are now less dependent upon self operation instead improve of technology has spearheaded the operation more smoothly.
In deep intense zone of the country especially during the extreme winter months influence of technical gadgetry helps to overcome all the necessary technical hurdles coming in the way.
Passenger services have drastically improved.
There has been substantial changeover by pilots when new private airlines are opened in India.
Business prospects of Indian Aviation industry:
Indian Aviation no doubt is on a growth process. But readers might wander from my statement why do I claim that Indian Aviation Industry is on a growth process. From the historical data available with me it is deciphered that throughout the year 2014 total numbers of passengers in India’s scheduled airlines was estimated to be around 68 million whereas comparatively during the year 2013 it was estimated to be around 61 million. So one can understand from the above example there has been quite a huge jump in passenger traffic as well as that of freight carrying. In this regard one analysis should be made as against national carriers like Air India and Indian Airlines there has been proliferation of quite good numbers of domestic carriers like Air Alliance, Jet Airways, Indigo, Air Asia, Vistara and Spice Jet. There was more numbers of private air carriers launched but that did not run off successfully because of paucity of funds and operational inefficiency.
Lists of Airports in India:
At the present juncture in India there are estimated to be around 132 airports based in different parts of India. Very soon some more airports are expected to be opened in West Bengal. The main reason behind the delay is lack of political cooperation and infrastructural complications. As business is expanding so it is imperative to have more numbers of airports in order to speed up the process of economic development. There is one exception there are quite good numbers of airports in India where the scope of airbus aircrafts are limited wherein only Boeing aircrafts can land.
Market size of Indian Aviation Industry:
Indian Aviation Industry is on a satifactory growth stage. As already stated in the previous headings during the year 2014 different Indian private aircarriers carried passengers to the tune of 68 million as against 61 million during the year 2013. From another angle we evince the growth of airpassenger traffic to be around 20% to 40% for around six years which begins from the year 2003 till the year 2009. Now with the impact of globalisation we find that growth of Indian economy and industry are touching dizzy heights that is why domestic business travel are flourishing like nothing. From another census we find that private domestic carriers carries maixmum business passengers from one part of India to other parts of India. Air India, well known international passenger and business traveler carried domestic passngers to the tune of 12.42 million passengers whereas in case of private air carriers the figures stands at whopping 55 million passengers. Thus the figure glaringly states that in domestic segment Air India’s market share is 18 % wherein market share by domestic carriers 82%. The psychology of all air travelers have now become as such that cheap fares are more welcomed rather than expecting cheap foods and beverages.
So we can also we can infer from another versions that Airports Authority of India states passenger and frieght traffic are expected to achieve growth at the rate of 4.2%, 5.3% and 5% during the coming five years period.
Problems faced by Aviation industry:
At the present jucnture there has been problems noiticed by us in proper functioning of Aviation Industry. There has been too much of political pressure in this industry which sometimes hurdles as per growth process is concerned. It was just couple of years back there was a mass pilot strike in which there was massive disturbance airlines operation in both its domestic and international operations. In that issue the main grievances was with payscale issue. What is most urgently needed that this vital mode of transport should be made absolutely depoliticised.
Action points by government of India to develop aviation sector in India:
As the avaition sector is advancing day by day till date we find the influence of politics.
Gujarat is getting the maximum benefit for opening up new airports in the state. The reasons are well known to all of us need not be elaborative at all.
The Director General of Civil Aviation (DGCA) under the ministry of civil aviation, government of India, has given its approval to maintaining airport mainteance in various parts of India.
The government of India along with new committees comprising mostly bankers, aviation experts and technocrats in the field to assit in the development of the industry and also of privatisation of national carrier Air India which was wholeheatedly criticized by business bodies of the country.
Government policies in regard to the development of aviation sector has been liberalised to higher degree.
Private agencies have been assigned to operate all over the country. Hospitality by private agencies are always closely cordial than that of governmental counterparts.
By summing up we can say that Indian aviation sector has no doubt improved but still there might be lacunaes. This has to be overcome with proper management and technical expertise but on the whole political encroachment has to be avoided for ever. Task might be difficult but if one has the will and determination then success will definitely arrive at the industry.
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